Home > Antibiograms

Antibiograms

Hong Kong East Cluster

Table HKE-1. Antibiogram for common bacterial isolates, Hong Kong East Cluster Hospitals, 2017

Table HKE-1. Antibiogram for common bacterial isolates, Hong Kong East Cluster Hospitals, 2017

  1. Non-duplicate isolates from blood, urine and respiratory specimens. Interpreted according to CLSI. Nonsusceptible include both intermediate and resistant.
  2. Overall prevalance of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) were 26% for E. coli. and 12% for Klebsiella species.
  3. Nitrofurantoin: Susceptibility rate in urine isolates only.
  4. Non-duplicate isolates from respiratory specimens only.
  5. Methicillin-resistant staphylococci are resistant to all available beta-lactam antibiotics in PYNEH drug formulary, except CEFTAROLINE.
  6. GENTAMICIN is used only in combination with other active agents that test susceptible for staphylococcal infection.
  7. Test performed on non-urine isolates only.
  8. Enterococcus species: In general, susceptibility to AMPICILLIN can be used to perdict susceptibility to these antibiotics:
    Amoxicillin-clavulanate (AUGMENTIN)
    Ampicillin-sulbactam (UNASYN)
    Piperacillin-tazobactam (TAZOCIN)
  9. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia : The CLSI testing method has no agreed antibiotic zone size for Ceftazidime and Ticarcillin + clavulanate, the results therefore should be regarded as tentative.
  10. , indicate 10% or more reduction in nonsusceptible rate compared to 2016.
    , indicate 10% or more increase in nonsusceptible rate compared to 2016.

*% Penicillin resistant for S.pneumoniae: meningitis breakpoint (MIC ≤ 0.06) = 43%; non-meningitis breakpoint (MIC ≤ 2) = 6%. In S.pneumoniae, resisrance to azithromycin & clarithromycin can be predicted by testing erythromycin.